GROSS-ROSEN

Located in Silesia, not far from what is now Wroclaw in southern Poland, Gross-Rosen was initially a sub-camp of KZ-Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg but became an independent concentration camp during 1941. One of the highest populations of female prisoners throughout the entire concentration camp system was held at Gross-Rosen and its sub-camps. By the beginning of 1945, well over 75,000 prisoners were incarcerated within the Gross-Rosen complex with around a third being Jewish women. Around 120,000 people were deported to the Gross-Rosen camps. One third are estimated to have died, either in the camps or on the death marches that followed their evacuation.

Gate Gross-Rosen

The tokens issued at the camp were of two types, both made of card. Type 1, issued in 1943 featured the words "Konzentrationslager Gross-Rosen" above "Prämienschein", vertical lines and finally, a denomination marking of either "Wert: RM 0.50" or "Wert: RM1.00". The 1944 variant was consistent with other 1944 pattern Prämienschein examples such as those from Auschwitz, Flossenbürg and Mauthausen.