Designated a category-III Konzentrationslager, Mauthausen was a site of utter cruelty and torture. Located near Linz, Austria, the Mauthausen-Gusen camps were established around the granite quarry complex where many thousands worked until they fell. From 1938 until liberation in spring 1945, around 200,000 people were deported to the Mauthausen camps. Half of them died.
Mauthausen currency was issued in two formats. Firstly, the 1943 design was used - often found with a rectangular over stamp with the wording "SS-Kantinenverwaltung" (canteen administration). These notes came in RM 1, RM 2 and RM 5 denominations and were produced using light brown, pink and beige card respectively. The second format used was the standard 1944 pattern. These were printed on thin red or blue card, depending on the denomination (red - 0.50 RM, blue - RM 1). The usual "Prämienschein über (.50RM/RM1)" heading was present, above "Konzentrationslager Mauthausen", with a large central validation circle and printer's mark below.