Succeeding KL-Oranienburg in 1936, the camp saw over 200,000 deportees during its near decade long existence. It is estimated that several tens of thousands of people died at the camp, many of whom were Soviet prisoners of war.


A 1943 pattern Prämienschein was issued in .50RM and RM1 denominations. They were printed on off-white, blue and green card. The Ernst Heinkel aircraft plant that exploited forced labourers from the camp also issued a scrip to the inmates. These were marked "KL Ernst Heinkel Aktiengesellschaft Werk Oranienburg" and printed on thin card of various colours. Denominations were as follows - .25RM, .50RM, RM1, RM2 and RM3.